Retinal Detachment

retinal detachmentThe retina is a thin translucent membrane which covers the inner surface of the eye. It's main role is to convert the various optical stimuli into neurons so that they can be further processed and analyzed by the brain. Consequently, any irregularity in the retina causes anomalies in the functioning of vision, and depending on the size of the disorder the consequences can be irreversible to the eye. Particularly, in the case of detachment of the retina, if the retina detaches completely from the wall of the eye (epithelium), it can even lead to blindness.

This phenomenon is usually seen in people who are 40 years of age. The most common type of detachment is Rigotogenic Detachment, with the retina detaching when the liquid penetrates below it from any cracks. There is also Non-Rupture Retinal Detachment which is caused by tumors, inflammation, and trauma.

Cause

The most common causes of detachment include pre-existing high myopia, high levels of diabetes mellitus, ophthalmological inflammation, angiopathy or eye injury.

Symptoms are mainly flashes, black spots and a black veil that gives a sense of a curtain in front of objects which limits the field of vision. Of course, the symptoms that are recorded do not always mean an individual has retinal detachment but only a visit to your ophthalmologist will rule it out.

Treatment

During the early stages of retinal detachment laser is often the required treatment. However, in advanced stages surgery is a must.