Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia, often referred to as "lazy eye", is the ocular condition where the function of vision didn't develop normally, resulting in one eye not cooperating with the other.

amblyopiaIt is characterized as one of the most common ophthalmological conditions of childhood, since vision normally develops naturally from birth to about 6 years of age.

Basically, we look with our eyes, but we see with the brain. Eyes are the tool that send visual signals to the brain to train its visual centers.

For normal vision, our eyes should be facing towards the same object. While each eye sees the same object from a slightly different angle, they send a different image to the brain, which in turn mixes them into a single image that is three-dimensional.

If the sight of one eye decreases and fails to function properly with the brain, and carries a blurry image, the brain rejects that specific image and favors the other eye.

The child then automatically stops using the weak eye, resulting in amblyopia. If amblyopia is not discovered during young childhood, unfortunately it cannot be cured and leads to blindness in one eye for life.

Treatment

Amblyopia, if detected and treated early, can be reversed with vision dramatically improving. Certified healing, which is the overlapping of the healthy eye, so that the other eye can be "trained" is often used in such cases. Two hours of overlapping a day may be sufficient in early stages of amblyopia and in younger children. However, restoring vision to 10/10 is not always feasible.

There are various methods of certified healing. Other solutions can also be recommended by pediatricians (eg atropine drops).